New Study by Gates Institute-affiliated Faculty Reports that India and Nigeria Could Save $89.7 Billion and $12.9 Billion, Respectively, upon Substantially Meeting Current Unmet Need for Family Planning by 2030

The article, “A demographic dividend of the FP2020 Initiative and the SDG reproductive health target: Case studies of India and Nigeria,” is published by Gates Open Research, a new platform designed to make evaluation and publication of research faster and more transparent.

It is authored by Qingfeng Li and Jose Rimon II, faculty from the Bloomberg School of Public Health at Johns Hopkins University. Li is a faculty affiliate of the Gates Institute; Rimon is the director of the Gates Institute.

The article focuses on the short- and medium-term economic benefits of the Family Planning 2020 initiative’s goal of enabling 120 million additional women to access contraception by 2020 and Sustainable Development Goal 3.7 of ensuring universal access to family planning by 2030. India and Nigeria were selected as case studies because each is the largest country under the FP2020 umbrella in its region and also has the requisite data.

The researchers found that “meeting the FP2020 target implies that on average, the number of children that need to be supported by every 100 working-age people would decrease by 8 persons in India and 11 persons in Nigeria in 2020; the associated reduction remains at 8 persons in India, but increases to 14 persons in Nigeria by 2030 under the SDG 3.7. In India meeting the FP2020 target would yield a saving of US$18.2 billion (Purchasing Power Parity) in consumption expenditures for children and youth in the year 2020 alone, and that increased to US$89.7 billion by 2030. In Nigeria the consumption saved would be US$2.5 billion in 2020 and $12.9 billion by 2030.”

Their conclusion is that achieving the FP2020 goal and SDG 3.7, via increasing access to contraception, would have tremendous economic benefit for countries. “By demonstrating one of the many economic benefits of increased use of mCPR [modern contraceptives] and consequently reduced fertility, this paper hopes to encourage greater investment in family planning programs and to underscore the need to foster the stronger political will necessary to ensure achievements in this field,” the co-authors wrote.

“The tremendous savings on consumption expenditure could be invested in many other areas, such as making better education available and affordable to more people, particularly girls, and building more infrastructure needed to stimulate further economic development. At the same time, greater access to contraception would save more women’s lives, improve the health of many more women and their children, and enable people to exercise their fundamental human right to determine for themselves the number and spacing of their children,” the co-authors wrote.

Read the article on Gates Open Research.

Monday, April 23, 2018 - 17:15