New Book on Demographic Dividend in Africa Launched in Senegal

Économie Générationnelle et Dividende Démographique, the first book of its kind to be authored by an Africa-based researcher, has broad policy implications for Africa

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The Bill & Melinda Gates Institute for Population and Reproductive Health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health announces the publication of a new two-volume work, Économie Générationnelle et Dividende Démographique. Written by Latif Dramani, Ph.D., professor of economics and statistics at the University of Thiès in Senegal and Coordinator of the Center for Research in Applied Economics and Finance of Thiès (CREFAT), the book focuses on achieving and harnessing the benefits of the demographic dividend in Senegal. (A demographic dividend is the accelerated economic growth that can result from improved reproductive health, a rapid decline in fertility, and the subsequent shift in age structure and dependency ratios.)

The Gates Institute supported the publication of Dr. Dramani’s book—the first of its kind to be written by an African researcher. It identifies key demographic trends that will inform government decision-making and advocacy efforts in Senegal. Volume 1, “Eléments de diagnostic au Sénégal,” focuses on the economic impact of demographic (fertility, aging, etc.) and sociological issues (education, employment, health etc.). Volume 2, “Théorie et applications au Sénégal,” applies demographic dividend theory to issues related to youth, population growth and immigration. The findings and analysis have broad implications for all of Africa.

The book was launched on June 24, at a special event supported by the Advance Family Planning initiative of the Gates Institute. “This book by Dr. Dramani coincides with the Emerging Senegal Plan (PSE) [development strategy] that has just been launched,” said Bakary Djiba, Director of the Directorate of Human Capital Development of Senegal, at the launch. “It is a reference document for capturing the demographic dividend.”

The launch took place at the end of the 11th Global Meeting of the National Transfers Account (NTA) Network, held in Senegal on June 20–24. The Global Meeting opened with a high-level symposium, attended by heads of state, ministers, faith leaders, researchers, policy makers, practitioners and youth leaders; this intergenerational gathering discussed joint actions and concrete measures for investing in youth and harnessing Africa’s demographic dividend. On the third day of the meeting, Ian Salas, Ph.D., Research Economist at the Gates Institute, delivered a presentation about his research extending applications of the National Transfer Accounts (NTA) framework to Philippine data. Specifically, he discussed whether lower fertility rates can be correlated with higher education and health spending on dependents in 17 regions of the Philippines.

With its support of Dr. Dramani’s seminal book, the Gates Institute continues to play a key role in driving action on the demographic dividend

Left photo:
Latif Dramani (left) with Bakary Djiba, Director of Human Capital Development at the Directorate General of Planning and Economic Policy, Senegal

Right photo (from left to right): 
Mamadou Bousso - CREFAT, University of Thiès​, Senegal
Kassoum Bikienga - SWEDD project team, Burkina Faso
Ron Lee - NTA and University of California at Berkeley, USA
Andrew Mason - NTA and University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA
Gretchen Donehewer - University of California at Berkeley, USA
Ibrahima Thiam - CREFAT, University of Thiès, Senegal
Latif Dramani - CREFAT, University of Thiès​, Senegal

Monday, August 1, 2016 - 16:15